11 July 2016

Top 10 Most dangerous and deadly diseases which should be avoided

Maybe all of us don't realize how dangerous when we are exposed to diseases that may harm our bodies. Initially we presume that they underestimated against disease. for example disease colds, fever, coughs etc. We do not directly resolve quickly, in fact we think it is a small thing, but you don't know that it can harm for you. especially if we consume foods that we don't know about its quality. What is the food that contain poison or not, especially now the rise of merchant selling various foods unfit for consumption. therefore, be careful in choosing food. Now Let's we see Top 10 Most dangerous and deadly diseases which should be avoided, there are:

Top 10 Most dangerous and deadly diseases which should be avoided
1. HIV or AIDS
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a collection of symptoms and infections (or: syndrome) arising due to the destruction of the human immune system due to HIV infection; virus infection or other similar viruses that attack other species (SIV, FIV, and others). The virus itself called Human Immunodeficiency Virus (or HIV) is a virus that weakens the immunity on the human body. People affected by this virus will become vulnerable to opportunistic infections or are easily affected by the tumor. Although the existing handling can slow down the pace of development of this disease, but the virus has not really be cured. The viruses HIV and the like are generally transmitted through direct contact between the layers of the skin (mucous membranes) or blood flow, with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, and breast milk. Transmission may occur through sex, blood transfusion, contaminated hypodermic needles, between mother and infant during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding, as well as any other form of contact with the body fluids.
Scientists commonly argue that AIDS came from sub-Saharan Africa. Now AIDS has become a disease outbreaks. AIDS diperkiraan has infected the 38.6 million people around the world. In January 2006, UNAIDS works closely with the WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION estimates that AIDS has caused the death of more than 25 million people since it was first recognised on June 5, 1981. Thus, this disease is one of the deadliest plague in history. AIDS claimed to have caused the deaths of as many as 2.4 up to 3.3 million in 2005 alone, and more than 570,000 inhabitants of whom are children. One-third of the number of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa, thereby slowing economic growth and destroy the power of human resources there. Antiretroviral treatment can indeed reduce the death rate and severity of HIV infections, but access to treatment is not available in all countries. The social punishment for people with HIV/AIDS, are generally more weight when compared to other deadly disease sufferers. Sometimes the social punishment were also given to health workers or volunteers, who are involved in taking care of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA - People Living with HIV/AIDS).

2. Leukemia cells
Leukemia or blood cancer is a disease in the classification of cancer (medical term: neoplasm) in the blood or bone marrow characterized by multiplication by normal or transformation maligna of blood-forming cells in the bone marrow and lymphoid tissue, commonly occur in leukocytes (white blood cells). Normal cells in the bone marrow is replaced by normal or abnormal cells. These abnormal cells out of the bone marrow and are found in the peripheral blood or blood banks. Cell leukemia affecting hematopoiesis or the process of the formation of normal blood cells and the immune system of the body of the sufferer. The word leukemia meant white blood, because sufferers found plenty of white blood cells before being given the therapy. White blood cells that looked much younger cells, for example promielosit. The amount of the sprout is able to interfere with the normal functioning of other cells. In 2000, there were about 256.000 children and adults worldwide suffer from the disease of a similar type of leukemia, and 209.000 people of them died of the disease, almost 90% of all sufferers of terdiagnosa is up.

3. Ebola
Ebola virus is a species of the genus Ebolavirus, the family Filoviridae, and also the name of the illness caused by the virus. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, body aches, and bleeding, and fever. Death rate ranges between 80% to 100%. The origin is from the Ebola River in Congo Ebola Disease. can be transmitted through direct contact with body fluids or skin. Inkubasinya time from 2 to 21 days, generally between 5 to 10 days. This point has developed a vaccine for Ebola that is 100% effective in monkeys, but vaccines for humans has not yet been found. So far, Ebola is the most deadly diseases around the world. A chance to live if the disease is infected is still 0% alias is not possible, and until now still sought the vaccine. Sufferers usually can instantly dies in cycle 6 days to 20 days, aka very quickly. Now it can be said that Ebola is the most avoidable sickness to contracted all over the world.

4. Brain tumor
A brain tumor is one of the diseases that attack the brain. Because the brain is one of the most important organs of the body, other organs can be interrupted, so that death can occur. A brain tumor can strike anyone, even children and teenagers, but in general the tumors invade productive people age or an adult. Although deadly, brain tumor doesn't necessarily result in death. Current medical science has been growing rapidly, diagnostic and treatment techniques have given the life expectancy for patients brain tumor. Some of the factors that affect Prognosis (life expectancy) among other brain tumor sufferers; early detection capabilities; the ability to know the exact location of the tumor in the brain; diagnostic and therapeutic technology excellence (operation) such as the CT-Scan, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Image), the microscope.

5. Heart attack
Heart attack (United Kingdom: Myocardial infarction, acute myocardial infarction, MI, AMI) is the cessation of blood flow, even if only for a moment, that lead to the heart, and resulted in some cells of the heart being dead. Heart disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease is a disease that is deadly. Worldwide, the number of sufferers of this disease continue to grow. The third category of disease is of a less healthy lifestyle that much is done in line with the changing patterns of life. The factors triggering a heart attack is Smoking, consuming food high kolestrol, less lazy motion, exercise, stress, and lack of rest.

6. Swine flu
Swine flu (United Kingdom: Swine influenza) are cases of influenza caused by Orthomyxoviridae virus endemic in swine populations. The swine flu virus strains have been isolated to date has been classed as a Influenzavirus C or subtypes of Influenzavirus a. genus in the United States, only the H1N1 subtype is common in swine populations before 1998. But since the end of August 1998, H3N2 subtypes have been isolated from pigs. Swine flu infects humans each year and is usually found in people who were in contact with pigs, though also found cases of transmission from human to human. Symptoms of the virus include fever, disorientation, stiffness in joints, vomiting, and loss of consciousness which ended in the death of swine Flu is known to be caused by influenza A virus subtype H1N1, H1N2, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3.

7. Bird flu
Bird flu (avian influenza: United Kingdom) is an infectious disease caused by viruses that normally infect birds and mammals. Common symptoms that can occur is high fever, respiratory complaints and (maybe) the stomach. Virus replication in the body can run fast that patients need immediate medical attention.
The handling of both medical and dispensing is performed by an authorized medical officer. Drugs commonly given is lowering the heat and anti virus. Among the anti-virus is the kind that can be used to inhibit the replication of neuramidase (neuramidase inhibitor), Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamivir.  Each of these anti virus have side effects and need to be given in a specific time so that required a doctor's opinion.


8. Ischemic Heart Disease
Ischaemic heart disease is also known as coronary artery disease. Ischaemic heart disease occurs when there is a partial blockage of the blood flow to the heart. If the blood flow is truly blocked then a myocardial infarction (heart attack) occurs. The mortality rate in the year 2012 is 7.4 million. The affected body organ is the heart. The main causes are high blood pressure, obesity, stress.

9. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
is a group of lung diseases that block the flow of air when a breath and cause breathing difficulties. The mortality rate in the year 2012 is 3.1 million. The affected organs are the lungs. The main cause is smoking, pollution.

10. Trachea, Bronchus, and Lung Cancers
Lung cancer is a disease with the presence of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. If not treated, the growth of these cells can spread outside of the lung through a process called metastasis to the nearest network or other parts of the body. Most cancers that begin in the lungs, known as the primary lung cancer is carcinoma originating from the epithelial cells. The main types of lung cancer which is the SCLC (small cell lung cancer), or also known as wheat, and cell cancer NSCLC (non-small cell-lung cancer). The most common symptom is coughing (including coughing up blood), weight down and shortness of breath. The mortality rate in the year 2012 is 1.6 million. The affected organs are the lungs. The main cause is smoking, pollution, toxic environment.


That's some description of Top 10 Most dangerous and deadly diseases which should be avoided in the world, but it's good to avoid the occurrence of the disease to us, should we apply the pattern of healthy living.

No comments:

Post a Comment